others

Eden Gardens

Eden Gardens (Bengali: ইডেন গার্ডেন্স) is a cricket floor in Kolkata, India. It is the house of the Bengal cricket group and the IPL’s Kolkata Knight Riders, as well as being a venue for take a look at, ODI and T20I fits.[4] With a seating ability of 66,000, it is the biggest cricket stadium in India, and the second one-largest cricket stadium inside the world at the back of the Melbourne Cricket ground. Eden Gardens has been called “cricket’s solution to the Colosseum” and is extensively mentioned to be one of the maximum iconic cricket stadiums inside the world.[5] The stadium has hosted suits in principal competitions which include the sector Cup, international Twenty20, Asia Cup and Indian finest League fits. In 1987, Eden Gardens have become the second one stadium to host a world Cup very last, after Lord’s, London which had hosted the primary 3 finals.
History and capability

The stadium receives its name from the Eden Gardens which is some of the oldest parks in Kolkata designed in 1841 and named after the Eden sisters of Lord Auckland, the Governor-preferred of India.[6] initially it becomes named ‘Auckland Circus Gardens’ but later changed to ‘Eden Gardens’ by its makers stimulated via lawn of Eden inside the Bible.[7] The stadium itself changed into hooked up in 1864 and presently holds 66,349 human beings[8][9] following renovations for the Cricket global Cup 2011; a capability down from an envisioned a hundred,000 earlier than the upgrade. Before the 1987 global Cup, the capability changed into said to be approximately 120,000; however, no official figures have been recorded. Although, there have been six fits at this venue which were attended through over one hundred,000 spectators on an afternoon.[4]

Before 1984, both cricket and derby football fits were played in Eden lawn. The stadium is in the B. B. D. Bagh area of the metropolis, close to the state Secretariat and Calcutta high courtroom.

The first recorded take a look at on the venue was held in 1934, and its first at some point worldwide in 1987.[4] The Hero Cup knockout suits had been staged at Eden Gardens, the first matches played below lighting at the ground.[10] sporting floodlights, bowlers deliver from the excessive court cease or the Pavilion cease of a pitch under curator Probir Mukherjee.[4] Eden Gardens is famend for its big and vociferous crowds. It is said that “a cricketer’s cricketing training isn’t always entire till he has performed in front of a packed Eden Gardens.” The B.C. Roy membership residence is called after former chief Minister of West Bengal Dr. B. C. Roy. The headquarters of the Cricket association of Bengal are at the Eden Gardens. The stadium hosts Indian top-quality League matches and is the house venue for Kolkata Knight Riders co-owned by using the Bollywood actor Shah Rukh Khan.
Notable activities

In 1946, an in-form Mushtaq Ali turned into dropped from the Indian crew decided on to play an unofficial take a look at against Australian services XI. Following crowd protests (with slogans like “No Mushtaq, Now take a look at”), the selectors delivered him back to play.[11]
Rioting occurred on the floor throughout the 1966/67 West Indies and 1969/70 Australian tours.[4]
sixteen soccer enthusiasts died in a stampede after a derby league sport among East Bengal and Mohun Bagan on 16 August 1980.
Hosted the memorable global Cup very last of 1987 which ended with Australia defeating England by means of 7 runs.
The 1996 international Cup semi-final turned into known as off and Sri Lanka presented the in shape after crowd disturbances following an Indian batting crumble.[4]
at some point of the second very last of the 1997 Pepsi Independence Cup, the take a look at and ODI captains of the Indian cricket group of all time (with a few first rate exceptions) had been given a lap of honour around the stadium.
In 1999, leading Indian batsman Sachin Tendulkar changed into run out after colliding with Pakistan’s Shoaib Akhtar. Akhtar had impeded Tendulkar and the group rioted, forcing the police to evict the spectators. The suit endured in the front of an empty stadium.
Kapil Dev took an ODI hat-trick towards the Sri Lankans in 1991 on the floor.
Harbhajan Singh took a hat-trick in opposition to Australia in 2000/01 on the floor. He became the first Indian to take a hat-trick in test cricket.
VVS Laxman scored 281 towards Australia in 2000/01. This stays the best score on the floor. Australia have been defeated regardless of retaining the benefit for the majority of the game in “the best come-from-in the back of victory of modern-day times”.[4] It changed into handiest the third time in test history that a crew had won after being pressured to follow on.[12]
Eden Gardens hosted the historic 199th (penultimate) take a look at in shape of Sachin Tendulkar’s career in opposition to West Indies from 6-10 Nov 2013. India defeated West Indies by means of an innings and fifty-one runs in 3 days.
On its one hundred and fiftieth anniversary, on 13 November 2014, Eden Gardens witnessed the highest ever score by a batsman in at some point Internationals, a 264 off 173 balls scored by Rohit Sharma at some stage in the 4th one day international of Sri Lanka vs India at the venue.
On 3 April 2016, on this venue, inside a span of hours, the finals of the ICC international cup Twenty20 tournaments for the ladies and for the men had been gained by using the respective ladies’s and guys’s groups of the West Indies.

Records

The top 4 test cricket batting rankings in this stadium have been registered by India: 657–7 in 2001, 643–6 in 2010, 633–5 in 1998, and 631–7 in 2011.
The maximum runs in check fits played here turned into scored through V.V.S. Laxman (1217 runs), [13] observed by Rahul Dravid(962 runs) and Mohammed Azharuddin (860 runs). The maximum wickets taken here changed into through Harbhajan Singh (46 wickets) accompanied by means of Anil Kumble (forty wickets) and Bishen Singh Bedi (29 wickets).
The highest score in ODIs right here changed into made by way of India, who scored 404–5 in 2014 the second highest rating in ODIs right here become made by India, who scored 317–3 in 2009. The third maximum score changed into made by using Sri Lanka, who scored 315–6 in 2009, the fourth highest score become once more made through Sri Lanka who had been all-out for 309 in 1997.
The maximum runs in ODIs scored here with the aid of a batsman is with the aid of Sachin Tendulkar (496 runs), observed by Mohammed Azharuddin (332 runs) and Aravinda de Silva (306 runs). The most wickets taken right here is by way of Anil Kumble and Kapil Dev (14 wickets every), followed by means of Javagal Srinath (eight wickets) and Ajit Agarkar (7 wickets).
VVS Laxman and Mohammed Azharuddin have scored 5 centuries each at this venue, the remaining being the unbeaten 176 through Laxman.
The very best ODI person score is made through Rohit Sharma in this historical ground; Rohit Sharma 264(173) vs Sri Lanka.[13,Nov,2014

Eden Gardens underwent renovation for the 2011 Cricket global Cup.[14] preservation have been undertaken to satisfy the requirements set via the worldwide Cricket Council (ICC) for the 2011 global Cup. The Cricket affiliation of Bengal retained the group of Burt Hill and VMS to renovate the Eden Gardens Cricket Stadium. The plans for the renovated stadium protected a new clubhouse and players’ centers, enhancements of the exterior partitions to present the stadium a brand new appearance, cladding the present roof shape with a brand new steel pores and skin, new/upgraded consumer services & signage and widespread infrastructure enhancements. The upgrade additionally intended reduction of the seating capability to about sixty-six,000 from around 100,000 before the upgrade.

Due to unsafe situations arising from the unfinished renovations, the ICC withdrew the India vs. England healthy from the Eden Gardens. This match, scheduled on 27 February 2011,[15] became performed in Bengaluru at M.Chinnaswamy Stadium.

The stadium hosted the final three scheduled world Cup 2011 suits on 15, 18 and 20 March 2011. In the remaining of these 3 suits (Kenya vs Zimbabwe), the stadium had the minimum ticket-purchasing crowd in its recorded records with 15 spectators having bought tickets.[16]
confined items

Due to safety motives most effective mobile telephones, wallets and child food is allowed inside the stadium. Drinkable, eatables, cameras, plastic bottles, records cables, binoculars, headphones, coins or metallic gadgets, laptops, and so forth. Aren’t allowed within the stadium. There may be no provision of depositing the objects at the safety gates.[17]
Cricket world Cup

This stadium has hosted at some point global (ODI) suits during 1987 Cricket international Cup, 1996 Cricket international Cup and 2011 Cricket international Cup. The stadium also become concerned within the 1978 girls’s Cricket global Cup and the 1997 women’s Cricket global Cup.
England
65/1 (30.2 overs)
LD Thomas 43*
DF Edulji 1/18 (10)

Eden Gardens underwent upkeep for the 2011 Cricket world Cup.[14] renovation were undertaken to meet the requirements set through the global Cricket Council (ICC) for the 2011 world Cup. The Cricket affiliation of Bengal retained the crew of Burt Hill and VMS to renovate the Eden Gardens Cricket Stadium. The plans for the renovated stadium covered a new clubhouse and players’ centers, upgrades of the exterior walls to give the stadium a brand new look, cladding the present roof structure with a new steel pores and skin, new/upgraded consumer amenities & signage and wellknown infrastructure upgrades. The upgrade additionally meant reduction of the seating capacity to approximately sixty-six,000 from round one hundred,000 before the upgrade.

Because of hazardous situations springing up from the incomplete renovations, the ICC withdrew the India vs. England in shape from the Eden Gardens. This suit, scheduled on 27 February 2011,[15] became played in Bengaluru at M.Chinnaswamy Stadium.

The stadium hosted the remaining three scheduled international Cup 2011 fits on 15, 18 and 20 March 2011. Inside the final of those 3 matches (Kenya vs Zimbabwe), the stadium had the minimum price tag-shopping crowd in its recorded records with 15 spectators having bought tickets.[16]
restricted items

Due to safety reasons the handiest mobile phones, wallets and child food is authorized in the stadium. Drinkable, eatables, cameras, plastic bottles, information cables, binoculars, headphones, coins or metallic gadgets, laptops, and so on. aren’t allowed inside the stadium. There may be no provision of depositing the gadgets at the safety gates.[17]
Cricket international Cup

This stadium has hosted sooner or later global (ODI) fits all through 1987 Cricket global Cup, 1996 Cricket international Cup and 2011 Cricket world Cup. The stadium additionally changed into worried within the 1978 ladies’s Cricket international Cup and the 1997 ladies’s Cricket global Cup.
England
sixty five/1 (30.2 overs)
LD Thomas forty-three*
DF Edulji 1/18 (10)